Эффективный экстрагент в технологии очистки фенолсодержащих сточных вод
Alekhin V. S., Tsederbaum V. G., Pershin A. B.
(JSC «Middle Volga Oil Refining Research Institute» (JSC «MidVolgaNIINP»), Novokuybyshevsk)
Keywords: methyltretamyl ether, phenol, diisopropyl ether, methyl tert-butyl ether.
Abstract. Phenol and its derivatives are among the most dangerous pollutants entering the environment as part of wastewater from oil refineries and petrochemical plants, as well as pharmaceutical industry and construction materials. In surface water bodies, phenols occur in the form of their derivatives, namely: free phenols, phenolate ions and phenolates. The listed compounds have different degrees of toxicity, forming humus-like compounds as a result of polymerization and condensation reactions. For this reason, the treatment of phenolic wastewater is a very urgent problem in the petrochemical industry due to the high carcinogenicity of these impurities. Deep purification of water effluents is complicated by the fact that none of the known methods of removing phenols can achieve, with relatively acceptable technical and economic indicators, the required degree of purification. In accordance with the guidance document RD 52.24.480-2006 and the «Instructions for the formation and presentation of operational information on extremely high and high levels of surface water pollution, as well as their accidental pollution» (IGCE, Moscow, 2001), when assessing the pollution of natural waters with phenols, in all cases, 0.001 mg/dm3 is used as the MPC.