Январь 2015

№ 1_2015

В ПОЛЕ ЗРЕНИЯ

УДК 338.001.36

Обзор обращения отработанных масел. Часть II. Отечественный опыт организации сбора и переработки (утилизации) отработанных масел_______________С. 4–11

Ключевые слова: отработанные масла, опыт, отходы, нефтепродукты, обращение, сбор, переработка, регенерация, утилизация, страна, ресурс, обеспечение, отрасль,

Аннотация. Рассмотрен исторический аспект создания развития сбора и переработки
(утилизации) отработанных масел в СССР и РФ. Проанализирован отечественный опыт по организации сбора и переработки (утилизации) отработанных масел. Обобщены проекты по обращению отработанных масел в странах-участницах Таможенного союза и Содружества независимых государств.

МАЙБОРОДА Сергей Эдуардович, канд. военных наук E-mail: mbrd@list.ru; тел. 8 (916) 126-8084 (Консультативно-аналитическое агентство «Безопасность обращения отходов»)

НЕФТЕПРОДУКТЫ: ТЕХНОЛОГИИ, ИННОВАЦИИ, РЫНОК

УДК 665.658.2.

Гидрооблагораживание бензина каталитического крекинга_С. 12–23

Ключевые слова: бензин каталитического крекинга (БКК), гидрооблагораживание, диены, йодное число, октановое число, олефины, меркаптаны, содержание серы.

Аннотация. Рассмотрены особенности химического состава образцов бензина
каталитического крекинга (БКК), полученных на различных установках. Приведены результаты их гидрооблагораживания на катализаторах серии РК, проведен анализ кинетики процессов гидрогенолиза серосодержащих и гидрирования непредельных соединений, установлено влияние способа синтеза катализаторов и условий их эксплуатации на кинетические параметры процесса гидрооблагораживания БКК и качество продуктов. Показано, что:

¦ в процессе гидрооблагораживания БКК важнейшую роль играет пористая структура
алюмоникель(кобальт)молибденовых катализаторов, следовательно, способ их приготовления. При этом предпочтительно равномерное распределение активных компонентов в пористой структуре носителя. Возможно сочетание катализаторов с различным распределением компонентов в пористой структуре;

¦ процесс гидрооблагораживания БКК делится на две области протекания реакций:

¦¦ предпочтительно в гомогенной фазе с преобладанием реакций гидрогенолиза
серосодержащих соединений нетиофенового ряда и минимальным гидрированием олефинов;

¦¦ на активных центрах поровой поверхности катализатора. т.е. во
внутрикинетической и внутридиффузионной областях, с реакциями как гидрогенолиза
серосодержащих тиофенового ряда, так и гидрирования непредельных.

Авторы:

СМИРНОВ Владимир Константинович – генеральный директор

ИРИСОВА Капитолина Николаевна – заместитель генерального директора, канд. хим. наук

ТАЛИСМАН Елена Львовна – руководитель технологического отдела, канд. техн. наук

E -mail: Catachem@mtu-net.ru (ООО «Компания КАТАХИМ», г. Москва)

УДК 665.664.2.

Исследование процесса каталитического крекинга тяжёлых вакуумных дистиллятов__________С. 24–27

Ключевые слова: каталитический крекинг, вакуумный газойль малосернистых
казахстанских нефтей, параметры процесса каталитического крекинга.

Аннотация. Увеличение спроса на моторные топлива требует углубления переработки
нефти, которое достигается, прежде всего, повышением доли деструктивных процессов
переработки утяжелённых (> 350°С) дистиллятных фракций. Установлено, что при переработке малосернистых казахстанских нефтей в качестве сырья каталитического крекинга может быть использован вакуумный газойль с температурой конца кипения, повышенной с 480 до 550°С. При этом ресурсы сырья крекинга возрастают на 8,3–11,0% масс. Эволюция процесса каталитического крекинга, таким образом, связана, прежде всего, с расширением сырьевой базы, ужесточением требований к качеству сырья и получаемых из него продуктов, совершенствованием катализаторов и технологий.

Авторы:

КАПУСТИН Владимир Михайлович – генеральный директор ОАО «ВНИПИнефть», заведующий кафедрой «Технология переработки нефти» РГУ нефти и газа им. И.М. Губкина, д-р техн. наук, профессор

ТАНАШЕВ Сейткали Танашевич, канд. техн. наук, доцент (Южно-Казахстанский государственный университет им. М. Ауезова, г. Чимкент, Казахстан)

ДОСМУРАТОВ Дастан Ербулатович – магистрат E-mail: dastan.dosmuratov@mail.ru (Российский государственный университет (РГУ) нефти и газа им. И.М. Губкина, г. Москва, Россия)

УДК 661.665

Новый углеродистый восстановитель для производства карбида кремния__С. 28–32

Ключевые слова: восстановитель, карбид кремния, кремнезём, нефтекоксовая мелочь,
нефтяной кокс, поры, реакционная способность, сушка, удельная поверхность.

Аннотация. Приведены результаты исследований нефтекоксовой мелочи. Рассмотрен
вопрос квалифицированного использования всего гранулометрического состава нефтяного кокса. Показана возможность применения нефтекоксовой мелочи для производства карбида кремния. Приведены различные технологии облагораживания нефтекоксовой мелочи и выявлены их преимущества и недостатки. Предложен оптимальный вариант подготовки нефтекоксовой мелочи для производства карбида кремния.

Авторы:

ДОШЛОВ Олег Иванович – канд. хим. наук, профессор. E-mail: doshlov125@mail.ru

КОНОВАЛОВ Николай Петрович – заведующий кафедрой физики, первый проректор ИрГТУ, д-р техн. наук

СПЕШИЛОВ Евгений Григорьевич – аспирант 1-го года обучения кафедры химической
технологии ИрГТУ (ФБГОУ ВПО «Иркутский государственный технический университет», г. Иркутск)

УДК 678.044.

Пара-, суперпара/ферромагнитные интермедиаты в каталитических системах полимеризации бутадиена на основе дитиофосфатных комплексов Co(II) и Ni(II)_________С. 33–37

Ключевые слова: пара-, суперпара/ферромагнитные интермедиаты, бутадиен,
полимеризация, дитиофосфатные комплексы Co(II), Ni(II), гетерогенизированные катализаторы.

Аннотация. Приведены результаты исследований спектроскопических и каталитических свойств индивидуальных и нанесённых на морденит дитиофосфатных комплексов Co(II) и Ni(II). С использованием метода ЭМР-спектроскопии идентифицированы промежуточные парамагнитные комплексы и суперпара/ферромагнитные кластеры никеля, кобальта в каталитических системах полимеризации бутадиена. Путём сопоставления экспериментальных спектров с теоретически рассчитанными оценён размер магнитных частиц, образующихся в реакционной среде и исследовано изменение его в ходе реакции (3–12 нм). Предполагается, что в данных системах под воздействием алкилалюминийхлорида ионы Ni(II) и Co(II) исходных дитиофосфатных комплексов восстанавливаются до нольвалентного состояния и далее в результате реакции диспропорционирования в системе образуются диамагнитные комплексы одновалентного кобальта и парамагнитные комплексы одновалентного никеля. В статье обсуждаются строение и природа магнитных центров и их участие в качестве каталитически активных центров реакции полимеризации бутадиена.

Авторы:

РАФИЕВА Севда Рафи кызы – доцент, ведущий научный сотрудник, канд. хим.наук

ГАСАНОВА Гюляра Нариман кызы – научный сотрудник

АББАСОВ Ядигяр Асадоглу – ведущий научный сотрудник, канд. хим. наук

МАММАДОВ Эльджан Эльшадоглу – инженер

ИСМАИЛОВ Этибар Гумбатоглу – заведующий отделом, д-р хим. наук, профессор. E-mail: etibar.ismailov@gmail.com

НАСИРОВ Физули Акбероглу – главный научный сотрудник, д-р хим. наук

ТАГИЕВА Алмаз Магеррам кызы – доцент, ведущий научный сотрудник, канд. хим. наук

ДЖАНИБЕКОВ Назил Фазилоглу – заведующий отделом,член-корр. НАНА, д-р хим. наук, профессор

(Институт нефтехимических процессов НАН Азербайджана)

МЕТОДЫ АНАЛИЗА НЕФТИ И НЕФТЕПРОДУКТОВ

УДК 621.892.28.012;665.765

Новые инструментальные возможности в масловедении___________С. 38–44

Ключевые слова: вискозиметр Штабингера, вязкость, масла базовые, масла товарные,
плотность, точность.

Аннотация. Вязкость относится к рутинным, наиболее часто определяемым, параметрам в лабораториях, работающих в различных областях науки, техники, промышленности, сельского хозяйства, медицины. Для смазочных масел этот показатель является обязательным при паспортизации и сертификации товарной продукции, поэтому упрощение и автоматизация измерения вязкости имеет большое значение.

ЦВЕТКОВ Олег Николаевич – заведующий отделом масел, д-р техн. наук E-mail: tsvetkovon@vniinp.ru

ТОПОРИЩЕВА Румия Ивановна – заведующая лабораторией, канд. техн. наук

КОЛЕСОВА Галина Егоровна – старший научный сотрудник, канд. техн. наук

ЧЕРЕМИСКИН Андрей Леонидович – ведущий инженер, канд. техн. наук

(ОАО «Всероссийский научно-исследовательский институт по переработке нефти» – ОАО «ВНИИ НП», г.Москва)

МАТЕМАТИЧЕСКОЕ МОДЕЛИРОВАНИЕ

УДК 51-74:665.71

Алгоритм формирования ограничительных норм показателей качества нефтепродуктов с использованием метода группового учёта аргументов (далее – МГУА)__С. 45–49

Ключевые слова: ограничительные нормы, качество нефтепродуктов, метод группового учёта аргументов.

Аннотация. В статье излагается описание разработанного алгоритма формирования
ограничительных норм показателей качества нефтепродуктов с использованием метода
группового учёта аргументов. Проанализированы характерные особенности выбора оптимальной модели, описывающей исходные данные. Показано как на основе нескольких моделей в случае их линейного вида можно получить регламентированные значения, ограничивающие интервал, определяющий качество продукции.

СКОБЕЛЕВ Дмитрий Олегович – директор

КОВАЛЕНКО Виктор Петрович – инженер отдела стандартизации продукции
нефтеперерабатывающей и нефтехимической промышленности

ВЫБОЙЧЕНКО Елена Ивановна первый заместитель директора

(ФГУП «Всероссийский научно-исследовательский институт стандартизации материалов и технологий», г. Москва)

ВЕСТНИК ВНИИ НП

О 7-й Международной конференции «Базовые масла и смазочные материалы в России и
СНГ» в рамках 18-го круглого стола «Нефтехимия и нефтепереработка стран СНГ» (Берлин, 2–4 декабря 2014 года)______________С. 50–51

ЦВЕТКОВ Олег Николаевич – заведующий отделом масел ОАО «ВНИИ НП», д-р техн. наук E-mail: tsvetkovon@vniinp.ru

Итоги совместного заседания Учёного совета ОАО «ВНИИ НП» и Комитета по топливам и
маслам Ассоциации нефтепереработчиков и нефтехимиков России. Тема: «Катализаторы нефтепереработки. Вопросы импортозамещения» (Москва, 10 декабря 2014 года)_______________С. 51–52

1_2015

IN SIGHT

Mayboroda S.E. («Safety of waste handling» Consulting and analytics agency)

Overview handling of used oils. Part II. National experience organization of collection and refining (recycling) used oils

Keywords: used oil, waste oil, experience, waste, oil, treatment, collection, recycling, recovery, regeneration, country, resource, security, industry.

Abstracts. Currently, the Russian Federation has been a fundamental change in the basic normative legal acts governing the treatment of waste, including the results from the operation of petroleum products. With regard to the lubricants we are talking about used oil, the intensity of handling which is largely related to the level of economic development, industrial production and state environmental oversight.

In reforming the legislation governing the treatment used oils in the Russian Federation, it is useful to take into account the existing experience of handling (collection and recycling (recycling, recovery)) used oils in economically developed countries, having a historical aspect, as in the world as well as in the domestic scale.

Special attention worthy achievements in the organization and management of handling, as well as the development of infrastructure for the collection and processing (recycling) of used oils in the European Union.

It should be noted that in the economically developed countries waste oils are regenerated, that is, extended life cycle, which is reflected in the adopted laws and regulations.

In the Russian Federation, in the interests of manufacturers of lubricants, legally regulated disposal (recycling) used oils, that is, in general, the completion of the life cycle.

Therefore, in the Russian Federation to the development of regulations and adoption of the federal bodies of executive decisions on the organization of waste handling it is advisable to take into account the experiences and elements of the treatment used oils in Russia taking into account the risks and opportunities for producers and importers of lubricants.

References

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PETROLEUM PRODUCTS: TECHNOLOGY, INNOVATION, MARKET

Smirnov V.K., Irisova K.N., Talisma E.L. (Catachem Company Ltd.)

FCC naphtha hydrotreating

Keywords: cracked naphtha (CN), hydrotreating, dienes, iodio number, octane, olefins, mercaptans, sulfur.

Abstracts. The features of the chemical composition of samples of FCC naphtha (CN), obtained at different catalytic cracking units were examined, the results of hydrotreating of these samples on catalysts in the series of RK were carried ont, analysis of the kinetics of sulfur hydrogenolysis and hydrogenation of unsaturated
compounds was maked, it was established the influence of the method of synthesis of catalysts and their operating conditions on the kinetic hydroforming process parameters and product quality. It was shown:

• in hydrotreating process of FCC naphtha significant role belongs to porous structure
alumonikel(cobalt)molybdenum catalysts, therefore, a process for their preparation. It is preferable a uniform distribution of the active ingredients in a porous carrier structure. It is possible the combination of catalysts with different distribution of the components in the porous structure;

• process hydrotreating of FCC naphtha is divided into two areas of the reactions:

•• preferable in homogeneous phase with the predominance hydrogenolysis reactions of sulfur
compounds thiophenless nature and minimum hydrogenation of olefins;

•• on the active centers of the pore surface of the catalyst, that is the internal kinetic and internal diffusion areas with reactions hydrogenolysis of thiophene sulfur series and hydrogenation of unsaturated.

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    Moscow, Mir, 1972, 312 p.
    Kapustin V.M., Tanashev C.T., Dosmuratov D.E.

(South Kazakhstan state university named after M. Auezov. Shymkent, Kazakhstan; Gubkin russian state university of oil and gas, Moscow, Russia)

Influence of process of catalytic cracking of heavy vacuum distillate

Keywords: catalytic cracking, vacuum gas oil, parameters of process catalytic cracking, cracking.

Abstracts. Ever-increasing demand for motor fuels requires further deepening of oil refining. Growth of oil refining depth is achieved by an increase of the proportion of destructive processes of conversion of weighted distillate fractions boiling above 350°С. One of the most largest processes that let to achieve a successful solution is the process of catalytic cracking. Currently the advanced catalytic cracking feed becomes
the heavy distillates and residuums of various depth slate.

It’s found that using of vacuum gas oil of Kazakhstan sweat crude as feed, boiling point vacuum gas oil might be raised from 480 to 550°С. Whereby resources of catalytic cracking feed grow by 8,3–11,0% mass. So evolution of catalytic cracking principally associated with widening of feedstock base, requirement toughening to feed quality and products that obtained from it, the improvement of catalysts and technologies.

Referenses

  1. Kapustin V.M.,Tanashev S.T.,Omaraliev T.O. Catalytic cracking of vacuum gas oil in the presence of resin
    pyrolysis [Kataliticheskiy kreking vakuumnogo gazoylya v prisutstvii smolyi piroliza]. Neftechimiya, 1988,

no. 2, pp. 218–227.

  1. Tanashev S.T.,Omaraliev T.O.,Turanov B.D. Exploring ways to reduce coke depositing on the surface of
    oxide cracking catalysts [Izuchenie putey snizheniya koksootlozheniya na poverhnosti okisnyih katalizatorov
    krekinga]. Abstracts All-Union report STC, Ufa, 1991.
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    catalysts]. Moscow: Chemistry, 1982. 278 p.
  3. Belousov A.N., Kapustin V.M., Sunyaev Z.I., Tanashev S.T. Some results of experimental-industrial catalytic
    cracking installation path KT-1 Pavlodar refinery on mixture vacuum gas. Neftepererabotka i neftekhimiya –
    Refining and Petrochemicals magazine. 1988, no. 10, pp. 3–5.

Doshlov O.I., Konovalov N. P., Speshilov E.G., (Irkutsk state technical university)

New carbonaceous reducing for manufacturing silicon carbide

Keywords: silicon carbide, a reducing agent, petroleum coke, petroleum coke fines, specific surface area, reactivity, silica, drying, pores.

Abstracts. Considered skilled use of all particle size distribution of petroleum coke. Shows the different technology upgrading petroleum coke breeze and identified their strengths and weaknesses. An optimal variant preparation petroleum coke for the production of silicon carbide.

Excessive moisture degrades reducing thermal balance costs since electrofusion heat for evaporation and partially dissociate water, as well as causing increased consumption of the reducing agent due to its oxidation activity of the steam and products of water dissociation. When using wet reductant difficulties with its vibrating screen for sifting, especially in the process of separating fines fr. 0–8 mm. The greatest negative
impact on the whole is not so much the absolute moisture content, as the instability of this indicator is caused by loss of precision blending furnace carbon. It was found that an increase in reactivity and specific surface petroleum coke entails improving the technology of silicon carbide, the reduction of material and capital costs of producing it.

Due to evaporation of moisture and the impact of water vapor on the carbonaceous material can create a positive effect consisting in the steam activation of a reducing agent, accompanied by an increase in its reactivity, and electrical resistivity. The intensity of the recovery depends on the surface accessible oxidant activity of carbon, the reaction mechanism and the conditions of their occurrence.

Humidity petroleum cokes at UT due to the specifics of their discharge from the coking reactor water jets. At the same time discharged coke humidified both by contact with water and water transport at the pore channels and due to «pull» water into the pores of the coke from the condensation of vapor and volume reduction of gas in the pores during cooling of coke

References

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    technology, properties and application]. Moscow, Khimiya, 2010. 532 p.
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    silicon]. All-Russian scientific-practical Conference «Chemistry and chemical technology», Irkutsk. – 2006. –
    pp. 67–70.
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    delayed coker [Perspektiva osushki neftyanogo koksa na ustanovkakh zamedlennogo koksovaniya]. Mir
    nefteproduktov. Vestnik neftyanykh kompaniy — World of oil. The Oil Companies. Bulletin). 2012,

no. 2, pp. 18–22.

  1. Gimaev R.N. Neftyanoy koks [Petroleum coke]. Moscow, Khimiya, 1992. 80 p.
  2. Doshlov O.I., Krylov M.N. Novyy uglerodistyy vosstanovitel’ dlya vyplavki khimicheski chistogo kremniya
    na osnove vysokoreaktsionnogo neftyanogo koksa (New carbonaceous reducing agent for smelting chemically
    pure silicon on the basis of highly reactive petroleum coke). Coll. tr. XX International Congress «New
    technologies Oil and Gas Industry, Energy and Communications», Irkutsk, 2011, pp. 176–182.
  3. Speshilov E.G., Doshlov O.I. Trebovaniya k kachestvu uglerodistykh vosstanoviteley (Requirements for the
    quality of carbonaceous reducing agents). Coll. scientific. tr. XIX All-Russian Student Scientificpractical
    conference with international participation «Security 2014». Irkutsk, 22–25 April 2014, pp. 83–85.
  4. Speshilov EG, Doshlov O.I.Vnutrennyaya struktura neftyanogo koksa i yeye vliyaniye na obshcheye
    soderzhaniye vlagi. Materialy IV Vserossiyskoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii s mezhdunarodnym
    uchastiyem «Perspektivy razvitiya tekhnologii pererabotki uglevodorodnykh, rastitel’nykh i mineral’nykh
    resursov» (The internal structure of petroleum coke and its impact on the overall moisture content / Proceedings
    of the IV All-Russian scientific-practical conference with international participation «Prospects for the
    development of hydrocarbon processing technology, plant and mineral resources»). Irkutsk, 24–25 April 2014,
    pp. 29–32

Rafiyeva S.R, Hasanova G.N., Abbasov Ya.A., Mammadov E.E., Ismailov E.H., Nasirov F.A., Tagiyeva A.M., Janibekov N.F. (Institute of Petrochemical Processes Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences)

Para-, Superpara/Ferromagnetic Intermediates in Catalytic Systems of Butadiene Polymerization Based on Dithiophosphate Complexes of Co(II) and Ni(II)

Keywords: para-, superpara/ferromagnetic Intermediates, Butadiene Polymerization, Dithiophosphate Complexes of Co(II) and Ni(II).

Abstracts. The results of spectroscopic and catalytic properties of Co(II) and Ni(II)) dithiophosphate complexes based on mordenit are given. The intermediate paramagnetic complexes and superpara /ferromagnetic clusters of nickel and cobalt in catalytic systems of butadiene polymerization are identified by EMR spectroscopy. By comparing the experimental spectra with theoretically calculated the size of the
magnetic particles produced in the reaction medium is estimated and the changes of the size during the reaction (3–12 nm) is investigated. It is assumed that in these systems under the influence of alkylaluminum Ni (II) and Co (II) ions in starting dithiophosphate complexes are reduced to zerovalent state and further due to
disproportionation reaction complexes of diamagnetic monovalent cobalt and paramagnetic monovalent nickel in the system are formed. The structure and nature of the magnetic centers and their participation as the catalytically active centers of polymerization reactions of butadiene are discussed.

Referenses

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pp. 279–283.

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pр. 20–29.

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ANALYTIC METHODS FOR OIL and PETROLEUM PRODUCTS

Tsvetkov O.N., Toporishcheva R.I., Kolesova G.E., Cheremiskin A.L.

(The All-Russia Research Institute of Oil Refining JSC)

New tool opportunities in a maslovedeniye

Keywords: oils, viscosity, Stabinger viscometer, base oils, finished oils, density, precision.

Abstracts. In maslovedeniye viscosity, measured in accordance with GOST 33-2000, is the routine and the most often determined parameter for the certification of lubricating oils, therefore simplification and automation of viscosity measurement is of great importance. The article describes application of Stabinger viscometer SVM 3000 for this purpose. The Stabinger viscometer combines the accuracy of standard capillary
viscometers with high speed and convenience in operation of the advanced digital Anton Paar density meters and has the standard mode of viscosity index calculation in accordance with ASTM D2270 and ISO 2909. The measuring cells consist of a pair of rotating concentric cylinders and an oscillating U-tube. The dynamic viscosity is determined from the equilibrium rotational speed of the inner cylinder under the influence of the shear stress of the test specimen and an eddy current brake in conjunction with adjustment data.The density is determined by the oscillation frequency of the U-tube in conjunction with adjustment data. The kinematic
viscosity is calculated by dividing the dynamic viscosity by the density. The new principle of measurementallows to eliminate traditional barriers between capillary and rotational viscometry.Compatibilitywith theearlier used methods of measurement provides the possibility of automatic recalculation oftheresults fromdynamic viscosity tothe kinematic.The methodology of the tests carried outin JSC All-Russian ResearchInstitute of Oil Refinig (VNII NP) covers measurement ofdynamic and kinematic viscosities, densities of base oils and finished oils (motor oils, hydraulic oils, transmission oils, compressor oils, turbineoils, aviation oils) on Stabinger viscometer SVM 3000.The obtained data were compared with results of the tests carried out in
accordance with GOST 33-2000 and GOST 3900-85 with furthercalculation of deviations in valuesobtained byboth methods. Tests on Stabinger viscometer were carried outaccording to ASTM D 7042-04. Deviations of thevalues of kinematic viscositymeasured by both methods were withinthe limits admissible by GOST 33-2000 –
no more than 1,2%, and for density–0,0015 g/cm3in accordance with GOST 3900-85.The performed on Stabinger viscometer tests clearly showthat the results of measurements of kinematic viscosity and density forthe studied oils at different temperatures are identicalto theresults obtained in accordance with GOST 33 andGOST 3900.The kinematic viscosity values at 20°C, 40°C, 50°C, 100°C, minus 20°C and minus 40°C obtained in accordance with GOST33-2000 and on the Stabinger viscometer meetthe admissible deviations in accordance with GOST 33-2000. According to GOST33-2000 kinematic viscosity is measured up to the 30000 mm2/s (inclusively).The obtainedresults form the basis for carrying outinterlaboratory tests underthe authorityofJSC “VNII NP” with the subsequent inclusion ofthis devicein the GOST 33-2000 interstate standard.

References

  1. GOST 33–2000 (ИСО-3104–94). Mezhgosudarstvennyy standart. Nefteprodukty. Prozrachye ineprozrachnye zhidkosti. Opredelenie kinematicheskoy vyazkostii raschet dinamicheskoy vyazkosti. [Interstate standard. Petroleum products. Transparentand opaqueliquidsdetermination of kinematic viscosity and
    calculation of dynamic viscosity].
  2. GOST 3900-85 (ISO 2909). Neft’i nefteprodukny. Metody opredeleniya plotnosti[Petroleum and petroleumproducts. Methods for determination of density]. 3.ASTM D 7042-04.Standard TestMethod for Dynamic Viscosity and Density of Liquids by StabingerViscometer (and the Calculation ofKinematic Viscosity).
  3. Edward T.Urbansky, John C.Axley Optimization ofa Anton Paar method to maximize sample throughput. Balancing the compiting interestsof speed, cost, and data quality. Joint Oil Analysis Program, TechnicalSupport Center.-NAS Pensacola.–2006 (JOAP-TCS-TR-06-04).
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    MATHEMATICALSIMULATION

Skobelev D.O., Kovalenko V.P., Vyboychenko E.I.(Federal State Unitary Enterprise «Russian Research Institute on Standardization of Materialsand Technologies», Moscow)

The algorithm offormation restrictive standard ofpetroleum products quality using group method ofdata handling

Keywords: restrictive standard, quality of petroleum products, group method of handling.

Abstracts. This article is devoted tothe problem of determining the restrictive standards of petroleum product quality. Quality indices ofany product are continuously changing during the process of storage, transportation and use. Therefore, quality control is one of the most important component of product life cycle.
The procedure of quality control is impossible without information about regulated value of quality index (restrictive standard), which represents the value established in normative documents. This means that today theproblem of determining the restrictive standards of product quality is relevant.The central part ofthe article is devoted to procedure of analysis possible application of group method of data handling in order to use in calculating the regulated values of product quality. Reviewed and analyzed the three main stages of the simulation in compliance with group method of data handling. Among them: determining a number of models increasing complexity, S; the calculation of the external selection criterion; the choice of the optimal model for minimum criterion. Using group method of data handling assume the choice two criteria: internal, which used to construct the model and external, which used to select the optimal model. This article discusses general classification criteria used in group method of data handling, as well as features of their application in the calculation of restrictive standard. In conclusion, gives an example that illustrates possible outcome of the modeling process. The article considers the case when the optimal model is a linear function. If the model is nonlinear, then the calculation of the restrictive standards will be different from this.

References

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