Investigation of the qualities of some promising oils of the Absheron oil and gas region

DOI: 10.32758/2071-5951-2021-0-2-22-26

УДК621.892, 099,6; 621.892; 665.1

Abdullayeva Yu.A., Alekperova N.H., Logmanova S.B., Kafarova N.F., Hasanova R.Z. (The Institute of Petrochemical Processes named after academician Y.H.Mamedaliyev, Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, Baky)

Исследование свойств некоторых перспективных нефтей Апшеронского нефтегазоносного района для получения качественных нефтепродуктов

Keywords: Absheron oil and gas region, Azeri, Chirag, Guneshli, marketing oils, light fractions, oil fractions.

Abstract. The article presents the characteristics of characteristic oils of the Apsheron oil and gas region, as well as the hydrocarbon composition of light and oil fractions.

Oils of the Apsheron oil and gas region in terms of light fractions, sulfur content, and density are comparable to marketing grades of oils. The standards for prices are: graded crude oil WTI, Light Sweet, Brent, and Russian oils Sokol, Urals, Siberian Light are approaching them.

We have studied in detail the yields and hydrocarbon composition of light and oil fractions of oils from the Apsheron oil and gas region.

To obtain oils with a high viscosity index, studies were carried out to change the structure of oil fractions using hydrogen using the example of oil fractions of Azeri oil.

Due to the significant content of aromatic hydrocarbons, schemes for the processing of oil fractions have been developed, including selective purification of distillates, dewaxing (except for Guneshli oil), as well as hydrocatalytic treatment in a severe mode in the presence of industrial Russian catalysts.

As a result, it was possible to obtain API group I oils, according to the viscosity classification corresponding to SAE 20 and SAE 30. Thus, a study of the qualities and hydrocarbon composition of oils from the Absheron oil and gas region showed that these oils are characterized by a high content of light fractions, low density, and low sulfur content. According to these indicators, these oils correspond to the marker oils.

In order to obtain base oils with a viscosity index of ≥90 and an aromatic hydrocarbon content of ≥10, a traditional refining method was used: selective refining, dewaxing, and severe hydrotreating.